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ATEL # 1268; David M. Smith, Rachel A. Rampy (UC Santa Cruz), Ignacio Negueruela, Jose Miguel Torrejon (U. Alicante)
on 9 Nov 2007; 22:38 UT
Password Certification: David M. Smith (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Subjects: Infra-Red, X-ray, Transients
XMM-Newton observed the fast transient source XTE J1901+014 (Remillard and Smith 2002, ATEL #88) on 2006 Oct 14. A source with extremely rapid variability on minute timescales was found at RA = 19h 01m 40.20s, DEC = +01o 26' 26.0". This position is from the pipeline analysis of the EPIC PN, with 1" rms expected accuracy (Kirsch et al. 2004, SPIE 5488, 103). It is consistent with the position of ROSAT source 1RXS J190141.0+012618. The fast variability is consistent with earlier observations with RXTE/PCA (Karasev et al. 2007, Ast. Lett. 33, 159).
The XMM-Newton position is inconsistent with both stars considered as possible counterparts by Karasev et al. (2007). A K-band image taken with the 3.5-m TNG (La Palma) may show a very faint excess above the sky level consistent with the XMM-Newton position. There is no visible counterpart in the H or J images.
The nature of this system, with its very short flares from millicrab to Crab levels, remains a mystery. The faint showing in the K band rules out the possibility that this object is a supergiant fast x-ray transient (SFXT) in our Galaxy.